Guidebook: Canine Parvovirus

Chapter 6: Quarantine

Quarantine is generally for 14 days.  However, if a shelter is transporting dogs from a particular shelter and finds over time that all the cases break in a shorter time period, a shorter quarantine is acceptable. This can happen when exposure tends to happen early in the dog’s stay at the source shelter (prior to transport), and by the time the dogs are transported they have already had a few days to incubate illness if exposed. It can also happen when exposure is either heavy or not at all. In our experience, heavily exposed dogs will usually break within seven days of exposure.

Ensure all dogs over four weeks of age have been vaccinated with a modified-live DHPP vaccine within the last two weeks. If under 5 months of age and it has been more than 2 weeks since last vaccinated, repeat the vaccine.

All adult dogs should be housed singly if possible and if not, should be housed as cohorts; puppies can be housed in pairs and each kennel should have their own cleaning supplies. Have limited staff assigned to the quarantine ward and provide PPE (gloves, long sleeved gowns, shoe covers or separate shoes) that must be changed between puppies/pairs of puppies and after exiting the ward for adults. 

Foot baths are not acceptable to control CPV. If possible bathe adult dogs at the end of quarantine to remove lingering parvo remnants on fur, especially if exposure was heavy (bathe puppies too, if not done at the start of quarantine).